Department of Operational Medicine

Documents

Közleményeink tára

Tuberculosis: mother of thoracic surgery then and now, past and prospectives: a review
Knowledge on ontogenesis of thoracic surgery is essential not only for understanding present concepts and debates on surgery for tuberculosis, but it also contributes to the further developments in operative treatment of lung cancer. Both diseases have been the leading cause of death in their respective ages. History of tuberculosis follows the classic algorhythm: diagnostic, causistic and therapeutical stages. Villemin followed by Virchow, and, finally, Koch revealed the pathoanatomy and the cause of tuberculosis. The therapeutic phase of lung cancer has been reached without identified cause of the disease. Chest surgery, eradication of the macrosocopic focus by physical interference with the involved tissue mass, in both diseases preceeded medical treatment. Identification of phenotypes of lung cancer—if it is a single disease at all—does not contravene the concept: the tumor mass should be eliminated. However, causation is not an absolute sine qua non of an effective tre